Prof. Aldrin P. Lee (Linguistics)
Establishing a national language has been a long dream for us Filipinos. It took several years of wards and colonization, before a step had finally been made in 1935 under the initiative of then President Manuel L. Quezon. The national language, based from Tagalog, became Pilipino in 1959 and Filipino in 1973. After almost 70 years, the national language is still in its period of development.
One of the silent forces moving along said development of Filipino is Filipino lexicography. It is a fact that one of the most important tools for establishing a national language like ours is writing a dictionary. A dictionary will not only add prestige to the language and possible recognition from non-speakers, but it also provides reference the moment the national language is already taught in schools.
This study tackles the development of writing Filipino dictionaries, and review the three of the most current Filipino monolingual dictionaries published by the two of the most authoritative institutions of Filipino language, the Kmisyon sa Wikang Filipino (KWF) (formerly the institute of National Language, then become the Linangan ng Wika sa Pilipinas (LWP), and the Sentro ng Wikang Filipino (SWF). The oldest of the three is the first edition of KWF’s (then LWP’s) Diksyunaryo ng Wikang Filipino. The second one is the centennial edition of the same dictionary, still published by the KWF. And the last one is the U.P. Diksiyunaryong Filipino, published by the SWF. Aside from these three, brief reviews of the other Filipino dictionaries will be given. The review of these dictionaries is done by applying lexicographic principles n writing monolingual dictionaries.
an Assistant Professor I for the Department of Linguistics,
“Ikaw, Ako, Tayo sa SONA: Isang Pag-aaral Tungkol sa Pronawn ng Tagalog at Ingles”
Prof. Ria C. Parsram (Linggwistiks)
Agosto 12, 2008, , PH 207 (AVR)
Naayon sa isang sitwasyon at motibo ang wikang ating ginagamit. Sa likod ng mga salita, maaari nating ipakita ang pakikiisa sa ating kausap at maaari din nating maipadama kung ang isang tao ay kabilang o hindi sa isang grupo.
Gamit ang State of the Nation Address bilang pangunahing pinagkunan ng datos, tinalakay sa pag-aaral na ito ang wikang ginamit ni Pangulong Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Bukod sa pagpapalit-palit ng mga wikang Tagalog at Ingles, binigyang pansin din ang distribusyon ng mga pronawn (halimbawa ako, ikaw, at iba pa) pati na rin ang motibasyon at implikasyon ng paggamit ng mga ito.
in Filipino, English and Chinese”
Prof. Farah C. Cunanan (Linguistics)
Agosto 20, 2008 , PH 207 (AVR)
Modality is usually defined as the opinion or attitude of the speaker toward the verb (Lyons in Palmer 1986), or more technically the “grammaticalization of a speaker’s attitudes and opinions” (Palmer 1986). It is said to be found within the grammar of all languages and is expressed differently in various languages.
Like tense and agreement, modality is a separate grammatical or semantic-grammatical category. However, it differs from other categories in that other categories have clear markers. Although modality also has markers like modal auxiliaries, modal particles, etc., it is much more vague and is very dependent on the context for its interpretation.
This study is a comparison of Filipino, English, and Chinese grammar, focusing on the concept of modality. Its primary aim is to show the grammatical and semantic equivalence of expressions of modality in the three languages.
Numerals: A Reconstruction"
Prof. Jesus Federico C. Hernandez (Linguistics)
The research looks into the cardinal numeric system of twenty-four Philppine languages: Aytaynen, Aklanon, Bikol-Naga, Bikol-Rinconada, Blaan, Buhino, Bontok, Hiligaynon, Iba, Ibanang, Ilokano, Inati, Itbayat, Ivatan, Kapampangan, Panggasinan, Manobo, Maranao, Molbog, Sebwano, Tagalog, Tausug, Tboli and Waray.
In the current Philippine language situation, three numeric systems are in use: the indigenous system, the use of Spanish number names, and the use of English in certain contexts. Spanish influence in the number system can be seen in most of the languages, e.g. ?unsi ‘ eleven’, baynti kwatru ‘twenty-four’, nubinta ?i sinku ‘ninety-five’. In a few languages, one can only elicit Spanish number names for numbers from ‘eleven’ to ‘ninety-nine’. English influence in our counting system is also readily observable.
The current research aims to provide an analysis of the morphological construction of the number names of twenty-four Philippine languages and a reconstruction of the proto-Philippine cardinal numeric system.
Filipino Conceptions of Human Security: Developing a Human Security Index Based on an Exploratory Study in Conflict Areas
Maria Ela L. Atienza, Ph.D. (Political Science)
September 2, 2008 2:30-4 p.m. Ph 207 (AVR)
Human security is a very powerful concept used by international and bilateral aid agencies as well as particular governments as a rationale for their promotion of development and other programs. However, human security is also a highly contested concept with no single acceptable definition. This proposed paper seeks to highlight Filipinos’ contributions to the ongoing debates on human security by discussing the different dimensions of human security in the Philippine context, including attempts by different groups (both government and non-government) in the country to come up with their own definitions, frameworks and dimensions of human security. These will be compared with general understandings of human security, particularly as defined by international institutions, aid agencies, government agencies, and scholars from different parts of the world.
The paper will give emphasis on the ongoing efforts of the Third World Studies Center of the University of the Philippines to come up with a proposed human security index (HSI) that could serve as an indispensable planning and evaluation tool for government and non-government groups alike to assess the human security situation as well as threats to human security in the country. This proposed HSI will be based on available literature on human security as well as Filipino people’s own perceptions of the concept, particularly in relation to their specific circumstances. Specifically, this proposed HSI will be based on the inputs of government representatives from the executive and legislative branches, civil society actors, sectoral representatives, members of the academe, and private sector representatives through policy dialogues, consultations, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and surveys in selected areas around the country. The paper discusses some of the preliminary findings based on the field work conducted.
The last part of this proposed paper
discusses the possible contributions of the HSI Project in efforts to
mainstream human security in the
Poverty and Marriage in the Philippines: Evidence from Qualitative Data
Prof. M. Midea Kabamalan, Ph.D (Population Institute)
Previous researches have found that poverty is one of the reasons why couples in the
For some poor Filipinos who are cohabiting, they often rationalize their decision not to marry formally (yet) by saying that they would rather spend the money to put food on the table. Others, those who are “not poor” yet postponing marriage, would like to have helped their parents and siblings before they formally marry. Others say they should have saved enough before they plunge into the marriage pool, enough to support a family or if not, at least have a stable source of income.
Some cohabiting couples eventually marry formally and this paper examines the
effect of marriage on their economic status and general well-being.
The analysis uses data from young men and women interviewed indepth in
2003 and then followed-up in 2007. Results show that marriage per se does
not necessarily change the individual’s or couple’s economic and overall
well-being after cohabitation, rather, it is the couple’s own agency,
their desire and actions, irrespective of the constraints the law or other
external forces exert, that help make their lives better, the same agency
that propels them to make that transition to a formal marriage.
*Prof. Midea Kabamalan is the newest member of the faculty of the Population Institute. She graduated from the
Society Movements and the Anti-Asian Development Campaigns : Defining the
Democratic Culture in International Financial Institutions
Dr. Teresa S. Encarnacion Tadem (Political Science)
September 17, 2008 -4 Ph207 CSSP AVR
The study argues that through the years global
civil society (GCS) have played an important role in pushing for a more
democratic culture in international financial institutions (IFIS) with focus on
the Asian Development Bank (ADB). It initially discusses the criticisms which
GCS have with regards to the undemocratic practices within the ADB. These
include the formulation of policies which undermine the interest of the poor
under the framework of the neoliberal paradigm and the need to push for good
governance with regards to the implementation of ADB development projects. The
second part of the paper examines the political opportunities which enable GCS
to push for the democratization of the ADB. These include the on-going
democratization process at the local and global levels, the end of the Cold War
and the 1997 Asian financial crisis among others. The third section of the
paper highlights the strategies pursued by GCS in achieveing their goals such
as the formation of alliances and the use of engagement and confronation
vis-à-vis the ADB. And lastly, the paper looks into the increments gained in
such campaigns in pushing for a more democratic culture in the ADB particularly
in their call for the ADB to pursue a development paradigm which would be
beneficial to the majority to be more transparent and accountable in the
conceptualization and implementation of their projects.
* An Associate Professor from the
Department of Political Science, Dr. Tadem is also the concurrent Director for
The Political Ecology of Fisherfolk Livelihoods, Coastal Spaces and Rural Transformations in Mabini, Batangas
Prof. Kristian Karlo Saguin (Geography)
Philippine coasts are experiencing and undergoing
significant ecological and economic transformations, which have juxtaposed
communities traditionally dependent on the extraction of coastal and marine
sources with emerging global- oriented activities promoted by the government
for local and regional development. This study situates the coastal
transformations of tow of Mabini’s coastal barangays in relation to the spatial
expansion of tourism and industries, and assesses the resulting impacts of
these developments to municipal fisherfolk livelihoods. An analysis of data
gathered from fisherfolk and other local and extra-local actors was undertaken
using a political ecology framework, with particular emphasis on how politics,
policies, scales, actor interactions and power relations contribute to
livelihood changes as mediated by transformations of the coastal environment.
This study argues that policies and plans formulated at the national and
regional scales are translated into local coastal environmental changes, which
in turn shape and influence how fisherfolk make a living. On one coast, tourism
expansion had merged with conservation interests, bringing improved conditions
to the coastal resources while at the same time limiting and broadening
fisherfolk livelihood opportunities, whereas port-oriented industrialization on
the other coast had brought various forms of marine degradation that translated
to economic and ecological impacts to municipal fisherfolk. On both coasts,
actor interactions in the form of conflicts and collaborations – as influenced
by power relations – proved to be critical factors in fisherfolk usage of the
coastal resources. Mabini’s municipal fisherfolk respond using a variety of
strategies, adaptations and negotiations to ensure survival amid these
processes, although it is argued that power to control the environment still
rests on the hands of tourism and industrial actors (supported by the local
governments), usually at the expense of the municipal fisherfolk, who
experience and bear the most immediate impacts of the coastal ecological
changes and resource-use restrictions brought about by the spatial expansion of
such development activities.
*Prof. Saguin is currently teaching at the Department of Geography specializing on cultural geography, urban spaces, popular geography, geography of music and Southeast Asia. He graduated Magna Cum Laude in the same field and is currently taking his Master of Science of Geography from the university.